The structure and development of the ETIAS

Many of our readers are wondering about the real structure and how exactly will it work, about this matter, say no more!

ETIAS will include the ETIAS information system, the ETIAS Central Unit and the ETIAS national units.

The ETIAS information system will be set up:

  • a central system for processing requests;
  • a uniform national interface in each Member State, allowing the central system to be connected to national infrastructures;
  • a secure communication infrastructure between the central system and the uniform national interfaces;
  • a public website and an application for mobile devices;
  • an electronic messaging service as well as several tools for applicants, such as an account service, an audit tool and a tool to give or withdraw consent to data retention beyond the normal period.

The ETIAS Central Unit will be established within the European Coast Guard Border Guard Agency, will be managed by the Agency and will form part of its legal and policy framework. Operating 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, the ETIAS central unit will have four main tasks:

  • ensure that the data stored in the application files and the recorded data are accurate and up-to-date;
  • if necessary, check travel authorisation applications for the identity of the traveller in the event of a positive response obtained during the automated processing;
  • define, test, apply, apply, evaluate and revise certain risk indicators provided for in the ETIAS review rules;
  • carry out regular audits of the management of requests and the application of ETIAS review rules, in particular with regard to their impact on fundamental rights, privacy and data protection rules.

The ETIAS national units will be established in each Member State and will be mainly responsible for carrying out risk assessment and taking decisions on rejected travel requests during the automated processing of the request. They will also provide applicants with information on the procedure to be followed in the event of an appeal.

An ETIAS Review Committee, established within the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, will be given an advisory role and will be consulted on the definition, assessment and revision of risk indicators, as well as on the implementation of the ETIAS watch list. The Committee will be composed of one representative from each ETIAS national unit, Europol and the European Border and Coast Guard Agency.

A Steering Committee on Fundamental Rights will be an independent advisory body, composed of representatives of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, the European Data Protection Supervisor, the European Data Protection Committee and the Fundamental Rights Agency. It will assess the impact of the processing of applications and review rules on fundamental rights, and provide guidance to the ETIAS Review Committee.